Dublin 2 Agreement

The Dublin 2 agreement, also known as the Dublin Regulation, is a European Union regulation that determines which EU member state is responsible for processing asylum applications. The regulation was first introduced in 1997, and was amended in 2013 to address some of the criticisms that had been levelled against it.

Under the Dublin 2 agreement, asylum seekers must apply for asylum in the first EU member state they enter. If they enter another EU member state after that, they can be returned to the first country to have their asylum claim processed. The regulation is designed to prevent asylum seekers from “shopping” around for the best country to apply for asylum in, and to ensure that each country takes responsibility for processing the asylum claims that arise within its borders.

One of the main criticisms of the Dublin 2 agreement is that it places an unfair burden on countries that are located at the EU`s external borders, such as Greece and Italy. These countries often receive large numbers of asylum seekers, but are not always well-equipped to process their claims or provide them with adequate support.

Another criticism of the Dublin 2 agreement is that it can lead to asylum seekers being returned to countries where they face persecution or other forms of harm. For example, if an asylum seeker enters the EU through Greece and then travels to Germany to apply for asylum, they can be returned to Greece even if they have reason to believe that they will not be safe there.

In response to these criticisms, the Dublin 2 agreement was amended in 2013 to include a number of new provisions. These provisions aim to improve the protection of asylum seekers and to ensure that the burden of processing asylum claims is more evenly distributed across EU member states.

For example, the amended regulation includes a provision that allows asylum seekers to be transferred to another EU member state if it is in their best interests. It also includes provisions for the suspension of transfers to countries that are experiencing particular difficulties, such as a large influx of asylum seekers or a breakdown of the asylum system.

The Dublin 2 agreement is an important part of the EU`s asylum system, but it is not without its problems. As EU member states continue to grapple with the challenge of providing protection to those in need, it is likely that further changes will be made to the regulation in the coming years.

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